Although we most commonly think of adoption as the process of adopting a child through an agency, adoption comes in many different forms. A stepparent may adopt his or her spouse’s child. Grandparents may end up adopting their grandchild. Someone may make an agreement with a family they know to adopt a newborn child. There are many categories of people who may be looking to adopt a child in order to grow their family.
The Minnesota Department of Human Resources website provides some basic knowledge about the adoption process of “waiting children.” These children are infants whose parents made an adoptive plan, children who are under state guardianship and children that are waiting to be adopted from outside of our country. Children who are under state guardianship may have special needs because a court may have terminated their birth parents’ rights.
Children may be placed through an agency or may be placed directly. An agency may place a child with adoptive parents and then issue consent to the adoption later. The agency may get permission from the birth parents or it may serve as a court-appointed guardian. Direct adoption placements happen when the prospective parents get a court pre-adoptive custody order and agreement from the birth parents.
If the adoption is being done across state lines, it needs to follow the procedures outlined by the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children agreement. This agreement protects children, prospective parents and birth parents during the adoption process.
In our next post we will continue our discussion about the basics of adoption in our state.